Tlingit Canoe Drumming Traditions

"The canoe represents Native life at its fullest" -- Emmett Oliver, Quinalt

(Civilization.CA: Lootaas arrives at Skidegate)

"The fine carved canoes have a natural resonance both in and out of the water - when paddling, the handles of the paddles were struck on the gunwales on the downstroke in time with the songs - in this way the paddling motion created a natural accompaniment - I have also read accounts of overturned canoes being struck during gatherings on the beach." -- Jamie Cunningham, professor of ethnomusicology

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